Myopia is the condition commonly known as near or short-sighted. Myopia has become increasingly prevalent around the world in recent decades, resulting in a major health, social and economic burden. In fact, in 2010, myopia was estimated to be the main cause of distance visual impairment worldwide – and it is ranked as the second most common cause of blindness globally. People with moderate to high myopia have an increased chance of retinal detachment, macular degeneration, and glaucoma as they age. This in conjunction with the social ramifications of having lower quality vision makes myopia control an important aspect of your child’s vision care. The goal of myopia control is to minimize the development and reduce the impact it has on your child’s life.
The younger your child begins to address the problem, the greater the success rate is. Recently eye doctors shifted from providing new glasses every year as myopia progresses to taking a more serious approach to slowing down myopia by managing the condition with certain methods. There are currently three main techniques used to manage and slow down the progression of myopia: Ortho K: Specialized Contact lenses worn at night which gently reshape the eye, atropine: low dose atropine drops, bifocal or multi-Focal contacts: specialized multifocal contacts. When your child has an appointment with our eye doctor, she will discuss which option is best for your child.